Focus of the Report: Autologous fat grafting (AFG) is used as an adjunct or primary breast reconstruction procedure in women following breast cancer surgery.
Technology Description: AFG is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes a patient’s own body fat to fill and correct volume loss or contour deformities of the breast caused by surgical tumor removal and/or breast reconstruction procedures. The procedure involves harvesting fat from the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, or flank; processing the harvested fat to remove blood, oil, and debris; and injecting the processed fat into the target breast area(s).
Controversy: The use of AFG for breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery remains controversial due to concerns that filling a former tumor bed with regenerative cells could theoretically increase the risk of cancer recurrence and that the procedure may hinder breast cancer imaging. In addition, there is a lack of long-term strong comparative evidence demonstrating oncologic safety and patient satisfaction with aesthetic outcomes.
Is AFG for breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery safe?
Does AFG produce desirable cosmetic and aesthetic results?
How does AFG compare to alternative treatments?
Have specific patient selection criteria been identified for the use of AFG for breast cancer reconstruction after breast cancer surgery?
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